Psoriasis Explained – What You Need To Know

What is Psoriasis? It is a consistent autoimmune skin disease that is not contagious. However, it is a disease that affects both the joints and the skin of infected individuals. The disease usually cause the skin of people infected to become red and scaly. They are (outbreaks) however, only in patches.

Patches caused as a result of Psoriasis are known as ‘Psoriasis Plaques’. They are patches of skin where the skin has become reddened and where there has been a huge amount of skin production.

The skin produced by the body amasses at these patches and has a white appearance. The areas of the body where the patches usually occur include the knees and the elbows. Reports have also shown that a lot of people also experience outbreaks on their genital region and scalp. Please note that this condition is different from eczema, and is more likely to be seen on the extensor muscle of the joint.

The severity of the disease however, depends on the individual infected. There have been cases of individuals with only mild condition with just a few patches. While in others with severe condition, the whole body had is affected by Psoriasis.

What causes Psoriasis?

The exact cause of the disease is not known, however, the general belief is that it is genetic.


The most common symptoms of the disease include the following: redness of the skin; inflamed; flaky skin; and dryness. In addition, some individuals suffering from this condition also experience slight pain, irritation, and itchy skin.

What are the known types of Psoriasis?

Some of the known types of this disease include the following:

Pustular Psoriasis: this type appears as elevated sores, which look like blisters. They usually occur on the hands and feet.

Plaque Psoriasis: this is the most common type, and is responsible for up to 85% of cases of the disease. Plaque Psoriasis usually appears as elevated inflamed regions of skin covered with shite flaky skin.

Erythrodermic psoriasis: this usually occurs over most of the body and is characterized by itching, swelling, severe dryness, redness, and pain (not always).

Flexural Psoriasis: this type appears as a smooth patch of inflamed skin. It is usually irritated by friction and perspiration.

Nail Psoriasis: this type normally causes an alteration in the appearance of the toenails and fingernails. It can appear as ridges or discolouration on the nail, nail crumbling, pitting of the nails, loose nails, and thickening of the skin beneath the nail.

Guttate Psoriasis: finally, we have the Guttate Psoriasis, which appears as small round patches over areas of the body such as scalp, arms, legs, and core section.


Treatments for this disease vary due to the fact that cases are not always the same in individuals. That is why it is important to visit your doctor or dermatologist to perform necessary tests in order to recommend the right kind of treatment.

Some of the known treatments for Psoriasis include: Xtrac Velocity Excimer Laser System; Adalimumab: (a biological drug treatment designed to treat severe cases of psoriasis); Photochemotherapy; topical treatments; and few others.

How to prevent Psoriasis

There are a lot of precautionary steps to take when it comes to lowering the severity of the disease. Though, these precautions will alleviate the pains, severity of the condition, and inflammation. However, they won’t eliminate the Psoriasis.

Some of the things you can do to include; changing your lifestyle, reducing things that cause or lead to stress, avoid smoking, do not expose your body to heat for too long, consider taking oatmeal and bath treatment, ensure you use cream that keeps your body moisturized, and perfumes around your Psoriasis outbreak.